Frabill Ice Shelter

With that in mind, think about where you will be fishing. If you plan on going to the ocean, which requires mostly straight-line traveling over distances with few turns, a long and narrow kayak is preferable. If you plan on fishing in a smaller lake or creek, a shorter, wider kayak is the way to go.

While fishing, you occasionally might want to stay where you are, rather than go with the current or wind. To do that, you will need an anchor. It is essential when anchoring a kayak to always secure the anchor to the kayak at the very front or very back - if you attach the anchor line to the side, the current may cause the kayak to flip over. Unfortunately, it is very difficult, if not outright unsafe, to reach the very front or very back of a kayak from the cockpit. To remedy this, fishing kayaks have a pulley system on the sides, consisting of either one pulley across the entire length of the kayak, or two separate ones for the front and the back. This allows you to tie the anchor line at the side of the kayak, where you can reach, and then move the secured point to either the front or back of the hull.

A paddle isn't the only way to power a kayak. Some people use a peddle-drive system - this can be especially useful for kayak fishermen, as it allows locomotion and steering while freeing the hands for the fishing rod. In addition, some people prefer, especially on longer kayaks, to install a rudder. This can be used to help with guiding a kayak in a crosswind.

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Asian carp are an invasive species that in threatening Midwest rivers and the Great Lakes. There are three types of Asian carp: black, silver, and bighead carp. Bighead and silver carp eat animal and plant plankton. They can grow as large as 110 pounds. This is the great problem. They eat so much while growing to their large size, that they strip the ecosystem of the food source for native fish. The black carp on the other hand, consume mollusks. In this case, they threaten different levels of the food web. Black carp can grow over 100 pounds.

Where did these invasive fish originate? They came from Southeast Asia, originally imported with the intent of keeping retention ponds of water treatment facilities clean. Where there were floods, the fish escaped to the Mississippi River system. They migrated to Missouri and Illinois. As the rivers between Illinois, Mississippi, and Missouri are connected, either naturally, or through canals, the fish escaped and invaded new waters. There is a canal system that connects the Great Lakes and the Illinois River.

The reason Asian carp are a problem is that they eat the same food the native fish eat. Thus they come in direct competition in the ecosystem. Not only do they bring havoc to the native populations, they are also a skittish fish. If they are started by a boat motor they may jump, as high as ten feet. They can land in a boat or hit a person and damage the boat or the person.